Opioid Sales

Prescription drug manufacturers and distributors of bulk and/or dosage form controlled substances are required to report inventories, acquisitions, and dispositions of all Schedule I and II substances, and Schedule III narcotic and Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB) substances to the DEA Automated Reports and Consolidated Ordering System (ARCOS). This system provides total drug amounts (in grams) distributed to retail registrants in each state by three digit zip code. The drug amounts are converted to morphine equivalents. This report includes data from zip codes beginning with 191 and is complete through September 30th, 2017.

There are two primary limitations associated with the ARCOS dataset. First, ARCOS data includes opioid used in veterinary medicine, and thus may overestimate the amount available for human consumption. Additionally, ARCOS does not distinguish between routes of administration (i.e. oral, IV, or sublingual) which can impact a drug’s potential for abuse and/or diversion.

Opioid Sales